Brook Trout

August 19, 2015

Brook trout

The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae. It is native to Eastern North America in the United States and Canada, but has also been artificially introduced elsewhere in North America and to other continents. In parts of its range, it is also known as the eastern brook trout, speckled trout, brook charr, squaretail, or mud trout, among others.[2] A potamodromous population in Lake Superior is known as coaster trout or, simply, as coasters.

Description

The brook trout has a dark green to brown color, with a distinctive marbled pattern (called vermiculation) of lighter shades across the flanks and back and extending at least to the dorsal fin, and often to the tail. A distinctive sprinkling of red dots, surrounded by blue halos, occurs along the flanks. The belly and lower fins are reddish in color, the latter with white leading edges. Often, the belly, particularly of the males, becomes very red or orange when the fish are spawning.[citation needed]

Typical lengths of the brook trout vary from 25 to 65 cm (9.8 to 25.6 in), and weights from 0.3 to 3 kg (0.66 to 6.61 lb). The maximum recorded length is 86 cm (34 in) and maximum weight 6.6 kg (15 lb). Brook trout can reach at least seven years of age, with reports of 15-year-old specimens observed in California habitats to which the species has been introduced. Growth rates are dependent on season, age, water and ambient air temperatures, and flow rates. In general, flow rates affect the rate of change in the relationship between temperature and growth rate. For example in spring, growth increased with temperature at a faster rate with high flow rates than with low flow rates.

 

Rainbow Trout

August 19, 2015

Oncorhynchus mykiss

The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a euryhaline freshwater fish and sea Family salmonids natively distributed by the North Pacific Ocean.

Description

Resident freshwater rainbow trout adults average between 1 and 5 lb (0.5 and 2.3 kg) in riverine environments, while lake-dwelling and anadromous forms may reach 20 lb (9 kg). Coloration varies widely between regions and subspecies. Adult freshwater forms are generally blue-green or olive green with heavy black spotting over the length of the body. Adult fish have a broad reddish stripe along the lateral line, from gills to the tail, which is most pronounced in breeding males. The caudal fin is squarish and only mildly forked. Lake-dwelling and anadromous forms are usually more silvery in color with the reddish stripe almost completely gone. Juvenile rainbow trout display parr marks (dark vertical bars) typical of most salmonid juveniles. In some redband and golden trout forms parr marks are typically retained into adulthood. Some coastal rainbow trout (O. m. irideus) and Columbia River redband trout (O. m. gairdneri) populations and cutbow hybrids may also display reddish or pink throat markings similar to cutthroat trout. In many jurisdictions, hatchery-bred trout can be distinguished from native trout via fin clips, typically placed on the adipose fin.

Life cycle

Rainbow trout, including steelhead forms, generally spawn in early to late spring (January to June in the Northern Hemisphere and September to November in the Southern Hemisphere) when water temperatures reach at least 42 to 44 °F (6 to 7 °C). The maximum recorded lifespan for a rainbow trout is 11 years.

 

Chinook Salmon

August 19, 2015

The Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is the largest species in the Pacific salmon genus Oncorhynchus. The common name refers to the Chinookan peoples. Other vernacular names for the species include king salmon, Quinnat salmon, spring salmon, and Tyee salmon. The scientific species name is based on the Russian common name chavycha (чавыча).

Descripción

The adult is between 84 and 147 cm in length and weighs between 25 and 60 kg. It is blue-green on the back and head, silver flanks and white on the belly. It has black spots on the tail and on top sel body; his face is dark gray.
The record catch in fishing is 44.1 kg) registered by the fisherman Les Anderson in the Kenai River, Alaska, in 1985. In commercial fishing the record is 57 kg recorded near Petersburg, Alaska on a catch 1949.

Lifecycle

Chinook may spend one to eight years in the ocean (averaging from three to four years)[10] before returning to their home rivers to spawn. Chinook spawn in larger and deeper waters than other salmon species and can be found on the spawning redds (nests) from September to December. After laying eggs, females guard the redd from four to 25 days before dying, while males seek additional mates. Chinook eggs hatch, depending upon water temperature, 90 to 150 days after deposition. Egg deposits are timed to ensure the young salmon fry emerge during an appropriate season for survival and growth. Fry and parr (young fish) usually stay in fresh water 12 to 18 months before traveling downstream to estuaries, where they remain as smolts for several months. Some Chinooks return to the fresh water one or two years earlier than their counterparts, and are referred to as “jack” salmon. “Jack” salmon are typically less than 24 in long, but are sexually mature and return at an earlier age.

The Yukon River has the longest freshwater migration route of any salmon, over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) from its mouth in the Bering Sea to spawning grounds upstream of Whitehorse, Yukon. Since Chinook rely on fat reserves for energy upon entering fresh water, commercial fish caught here are highly prized for their unusually high levels of heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids. However, the high cost of harvest and transport from this exceptionally rural area limits its affordability. The highest in elevation Chinook migrate to spawn is in the Upper Salmon River and Middle Fork of the Salmon River in Idaho. These anadromous fish travel over 5,000 ft in elevation past eight dams on the Columbia and Lower Snake Rivers.

Distribution

The species has been introduced in the coast of Patagonia in Chile and Argentina where it has colonized rivers and established stable spawning grounds. It was also successfully brought to New Zealand.

Flies

August 19, 2015

Your local fly shop is the best resource for buying the perfect flies for wherever you are fishing. The below illustrations can give you a better idea of why trout flies are designed the way that they are.

Images provided by our friends at Umpqua.

Mayfly Hatch
Redington_Illustrations_MayflyHatch
1
Caddisfly Hatch
Redington_Illustrations_CaddisflyHatch
2
Stonefly Hatch
Redington_Illustrations_StoneflyHatch
3
Terrestrials Hatch
Redington_Illustrations_Terrestrials
4
Midges, Scuds and Leeches
Redington_Illustrations_Midges_Scuds_Leeches
5
Dragonflies and Damselflies
Redington_Illustrations_Dragonflies_Damselflies
6

 

 

 

Corcovado

August 18, 2015

At about 92.2 km south of Esquel is a region which is considered as one of the most extensive, varied and superlative trout fishing opportunities not found anywhere else today.

It is an area made to look as trophies. The fisherman can fish rainbow trout as big and wild as steelhead (or steel heads) and brown trout in the order of 4 and 5 kilos, or trout as large or larger.

There are also around in their small and large lakes that are excellent fishing environments with a population of brook trout basically outstanding quality.

As its name implies, the Pacific salmon enter from the ocean, so it is a fish that inhabits many Chilean rivers. Although the mountain looks like a big fence to the rise of fish, salmon populates the Corcovado river water medium.

The average weight is between 8 and 11 kilos, making significant and undoubted sporting value exponents.

It is not easy to capture this elusive and whimsical fish. You do not have fixed schedules mince, moments that display active and prone to attack. It has been tested with all kinds of lures, spoons and flies.

But there is still no definite technique that promises secure success. Is that salmon baits takes only then had they been passed many times before their eyes. It feels provoked, angry and attacks.

The population of Corcovado has become real center of attraction for trout eager to meet with this unique variety.

Fishing is done both by wading or floating the Corcovado river.

Trevelin

August 18, 2015

Trevelin area programs are arguably the most sought after in all of Argentina. The area surrounding Trevelin and Esquel offers over two-dozen rivers and the most diverse fishing in all of Argentina. From temperate rainforest in Los Alerces National Park to the arid Patagonia steppe – all within striking distance of The Lodge at Trevelin – the area is a flyfisherman’s dream come true. Since the waters, fishing, and scenery are so distinct, we recommend trying our signature “fish a different river daily” program to make the most of the experience. Those that do will enjoy casting flies in every kind of water imaginable and catching a variety of strong wild trout. The area’s rivers boast rainbows, browns, brook trout, and landlocked salmon in their waters.

There is such a wide selection of large rivers, small rivers, spring creeks and lakes in the Trevelin area that anglers can choose to wade or float daily. Guests can also choose and enjoy as much or as little sight fishing, match the hatch dry fly fishing, terrestrial fishing, streamer fishing, and spot nymph fishing, as they wish.
Novice as well as the most seasoned anglers will take pleasure in the sophistication of our outfitting and the diversity of the fishing. Our talented guides specialize in fishing diverse waters and have the necessary flies and tackle required to change tactics daily, and since each professional guide has an assistant, walk-fishing guests will always enjoy a single guide.

Fly Fishing Lodge at Trevelin is located in the heart of one of the most spectacular mountain valleys in Patagonia. From the lodge, guests can find productive trout streams literally in every direction. We are certain that we offer the most diverse trout-fishing program in South America complimented with a spectacular lodge designed specifically for the purpose.

Week-long programs are standard at Trevelin, but trips as short as three days can easily be designed. And for those that want to a completely custom itinerary, combining our programs at Fly Fishing North or Rio Pico with Trevelin is easy.

Esquel

August 18, 2015

Located in the center of the fishing area of Los Alerces National Park, Patagonia, Argentina, Esquel is a fisherman’s paradise, since it offers the opportunity to fish in a protected area, exclusive meters from their huts and accompanied by experienced guides bilingual.

Most rivers and lakes are unique for fly-fishing and catch and release: they are home to rainbow trout, brown trout, brook trout and landlocked salmon. Almost all fishing destinations are within an hour’s travel, whether by car, boat or boat.

A typical fishing day begins after breakfast, when the guide tell you about the particular conditions of the day fishing (IUU fishing, wading, etc.). Then, at noon, the group will share a wonderful picnic lunch. And after a day of fishing, back at the lodge, a selection of drinks and snacks anticipate dinner.

Programs

Rio Pico

August 18, 2015

Has been offering exceptional expedition-style trips to the Rio Pico region in combination with other programs for over a dozen years.

Rio Pico is perfectly suited for guests wanting to get away from it all and who might enjoy a lodging program with fewer luxuries. There is not a paved road in the entire region and anglers often have to ford rivers and open several gates on the way to remote fishing locations.

Fly fishing professional guides, some of them that grew up fishing the region, are well equipped to fish in the isolated region and all have rugged 4×4 trucks, inflatable rafts with custom-designed fishing frames, and years of experience in negotiating the terrain. Our Rio Pico fishing program combines quite possibly the best lake fishing in all of Patagonia with exciting spring creek and small stream fishing. Both rainbow and brown trout, averaging six pounds and exceeding twenty pounds, can be targeted on one of the area’s many productive lakes, and often times these “hogs” can be landed on large dry flies.

Unlike other locations such as Jurassic Lake, Rio Pico offers a diverse valley in the Andes with more than a dozen productive lakes, each with its own distinct character. Guests could fish for an entire week never touching the same lake twice. What’s more, the area also offers not only trophy rainbows, but also brown trout and brook trout. No other stillwater destination offers the beauty, variety, or productivity of the Rio Pico.

Guests may also choose daily between one of several wade fishing adventures for trout averaging sixteen to twenty inches. It is necessary to walk or hike to the best sections of area streams, but those willing to explore will encounter some of Argentina’s best-kept secrets.

Our Rio Pico programs are typically combined with Fly Fishing Trevelin program and an extended stay of at least 9 nights / 8 days fishing is recommended for the two-area combo trip. We advise those that are opposed to fishing lakes and those that cannot hike up to two miles to choose other areas where river fishing is more accessible or where there are more float fishing options on rivers.

Rio Pico area offers more than 20 water bodies with clear rivers and streams that are home to brown trout, rainbow trout , brook trout and Pacific salmon water. These species live in or migrate without suffering fishing pressure. Fishing in this area is considered one of the best in the southern hemisphere due to the quantity and quality of your fish. Pico River City is 143 miles from the city of Esquel in the province of Chubut, Argentina . To get there, you need to take a flight to Esquel and then travel by 4 × 4 vehicles. The trip takes about 3 hours along both paved and unpaved.

 

Programs

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